The Photonic Laboratory of the Dipartimento di Matematica e Fisica "Ennio De Giorgi" was born in 2006 in order to investigate the optical properties of a wide range of organic and inorganic materials.
The main research activity of the Photonic Laboratory is the investigation of the photophysics of organic conjugated molecules and of lead halide perovskites, with particular interest for the processes relevant for the operation of optical and optoelectronic organic devices.
The current research lines are:
Thin films of leas halide perovskites are receiving huge attention in the last few years, thanks to their capability to combine optical, electronic and optoelectronic properties typical of inorganic semiconductors with easy processing, typical of organic materials.
Our activity is mainly focused on the investigation of the physical processes that determine the optical properties of perovskites thin films, with particular interest for the optical gain properties of the material.
-M. Anni, A. Cretì, Y. Zhang, M. L. De Giorgi, and Mauro Lomascolo “Investigation of the role of the environment on the photoluminescence and the exciton relaxation of CsPbBr3 nanocrystals thin films” Applied Sciences 10, 2148 (2020).
- M. L. De Giorgi, F. Krieg, M. V. Kovalenko and M. Anni “Amplified Spontaneous Emission Threshold Reduction and Operational Stability Improvement in CsPbBr3 Nanocrystal Films by Hydrophobic Functionalization of the Substrate” Scientific Reports 9, 17964 (2019).
- M. L. De Giorgi and M. Anni “Amplified Spontaneous Emission and Lasing in Lead Halide Perovskites: State of the Art and Perspectives” Applied Sciences 9, 4591 (2019);
-A. Perulli, A. Balena, M. Fernandez, G. Nedelcu, M. V. Kovalenko, M. Lomascolo, and M. Anni "Full color tuning in binary polymer:perovskite nanocrystals organic-inorganic hybrid blends" Applied Physics Letters 112, 171904 (2018). Featured Article and reviewed on AIP Scilight 2018, 170005 (2018);
-A. Balena, A. Perulli, M. Fernandez, M. L. De Giorgi, G. Nedelcu, M. V. Kovalenko, and M. Anni "Temperature Dependence of the Amplified Spontaneous Emission from CsPbBr3 Nanocrystal Thin Films" Journal of Physical Chemistry C 122, 5813 (2018).
- M. L. De Giorgi, A. Perulli, Andrea, N. Yantara, P. Boix and M. Anni “Amplified Spontaneous Emission Properties of Solution Processed CsPbBr3 Perovskite Thin Films" Journal of Physical Chemistry C 121, 14772 (2017).
Several organic materials show optical gain, and can be thus used as active materials for LASER devices. Our research activity is focused on the investigation of the physical processes determining the material optical gain, whose knowledge and control is fundamental for the gain maximization, and the light amplification and lasing threshold minimization.
The activity includes:
- Investigation of the presence of Amplified Spontaneous Emission in new organic systems.
- Investigation of the processes affecting the ASE threshold.
- Realization and characterization of organic random lasers.
-T. Virgili, M. Anni, M. L. De Giorgi, R. Borrego Varillas, B. M Squeo, and M. Pasini “Deep Blue Light Amplification from a Novel Triphenylamine Functionalized Fluorene Thin Film” Molecules 25, 79 (2020).
-M. Anni, D. Rhee, and W.-K. Lee “Random Lasing Engineering in Poly-(9-9dioctylfluorene) Active Waveguides Deposited on Wrinkles Corrugated Surfaces” ACS Applied Materials and Inferfaces 11, 9385-9393 (2019).
- M. Anni "The Physics behind Amplified Spontaneous Emission in Organic Active Waveguides" published in "Organic Lasers: Fundamentals, Developments, and Applications" edited by M. Anni and S. Lattante, Pan Stanford.
-S. Lattante "Basic concepts of stimulated emission and lasing in organic materials and Optical Gain experimental determination" published in "Organic Lasers: Fundamentals, Developments, and Applications" edited by M. Anni and S. Lattante, Pan Stanford.
-S. Lattante, M. L. De Giorgi, M. Pasini and M. Anni “Low threshold Amplified Spontaneous Emission properties in deep blue of poly[(9,9-dioctylfluorene-2,7-dyil)-alt-p-phenylene] thin films" Optical Materials 72, 765 (2017).
-S. Lattante, A. Cretì, M. Lomascolo and M. Anni “On the correlation between morphology and Amplified Spontaneous Emission properties of a polymer:polymer blend” Organic Electronics 29, 44-49 (2016).
-M. Anni, S. Lattante “Amplified Spontaneous Emission optimization in region regular-poly(3-hexylthiophene) (rrP3HT):poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene-co-benzothiadiazole) (F8BT) thin films through control of the morphology” Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119, 21620–21625 (2015).
-M. Anni “Operational lifetime improvement of poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) active waveguides by thermal lamination” Applied Physics Letters 101, 013303 (2012).
-M. Anni, A. Perulli, G. Monti “Thickness dependence of the Amplified Spontaneous Emission threshold and operational stability in poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) active waveguides” Journal of Applied Physics 111, 093109 (2012) .
-M. Anni “Photo-Degradation Effects on the Emission Properties of Amplifying Poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) Active Waveguide Operating in Air” Journal of Physical Chemistry B 116, 4655-4660 (2012)
-M. Anni "A flexible organic random laser based on poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) deposited on a surface corrugated poly-phthalate-carbonate substrate" Applied Physics Letters 98, 253304 (2011).
-M. Anni, M. Alemanno "Temperature dependence of the Amplified Spontaneous Emission of the of Poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) β-phase” Physical Review B 78, 233102 (2008)
-M. Anni, M. Alemanno “Spectral effects of gain saturation in the β-phase of Poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene)” Applied Physics Letters 93, 123311 (2008)
-M. Anni "The role of the β-phase content on the Stimulated Emission of Poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) thin films" Applied Physics Letters 93, 023308 (2008).